Buildings can give a landscape painting a geometrical element or pattern, an opportunity to introduce colours and shapes not found in nature.
The proportion of built to natural environment can be played with. These two landscape paintings have an almost even balance between buildings and nature, creating an interesting tension.
The townscape or cityscape, is a subgenre of landscape painting that emerged in the seventeenth century.
The top image is a detail from a painting by the Danish artist Christen Kobke.
The lower work is unknown.